The Measurement and Incorporation of ZPD Scenarios in Developing Writing Complexity in EFL Classes: Group-Wide ZPD vs. Individualized ZPD
1. The Measurement and Incorporation of ZPD Scenarios in Developing Writing Complexity in EFL Classes: Group-Wide ZPD vs. Individualized ZPD

Samaneh Nazerian; Gholam-Reza Abbasian; Ahmad Mohseni

Volume 9, Issue 4 , November 2020, , Pages 561-584

http://dx.doi.org/10.22108/are.2020.121821.1552

Abstract
  Despite growing interest in the studies on Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), its operation in the forms of individualized and group-wide has been controversial. To cast some empirical ...  Read More
Mediation and EFL Learners’ Willingness to Communicate: A Micro Sociocultural Study
2. Mediation and EFL Learners’ Willingness to Communicate: A Micro Sociocultural Study

Behrouz Jamalvandi; Manoochehr Jafarigohar; Alireza Jalilifar; Hassan Soleimani

Volume 9, Issue 4 , November 2020, , Pages 449-476

http://dx.doi.org/10.22108/are.2020.117283.1465

Abstract
  Exploring various dimensions associated with classroom Willingness to Communicate (WTC) appears to have become a focal issue among researchers. Despite previous studies on WTC, there ...  Read More
Shadowing and Scaffolding Techniques Affecting L2 Reading Comprehension
3. Shadowing and Scaffolding Techniques Affecting L2 Reading Comprehension

Abbas Ali Zarei; Hossein Alipour

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2020, , Pages 53-74

http://dx.doi.org/10.22108/are.2019.117030.1462

Abstract
  Scaffolding and shadowing techniques have been shown to improve language learners’ reading comprehension. However, little attention has been paid to the comparative effectiveness ...  Read More